Jalapeno peppers are easy to grow. They are warm-weather vegetables who love the sun and flourish in temperatures that range from 70 to 90 fahrenheit. They don’t take up a lot of room to grow and can be grown in containers.
Pimento peppers are a type of pepper with a mildly sweet flavor and very little heat. Pimento peppers are mild in taste compared to red bell peppers. Pimentos are often called cherry peppers.
Cherry peppers are crisp with sweet watery flesh. A cherry pepper heat flavor ranges from not spicy at all to a mild burn. On the Scoville scale that measures the spiciness or heat of chili peppers, a cherry pepper won’t reach above 5,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHUs). Jalapeno and cayenne peppers hold a lot more heat than cherry peppers.
School knowledge about chili peppers.
Capsaicin is the active component of chili peppers.
Chili peppers are plants belonging to the genus Capsicum. Capsicum is the chemical irritant and Nerotoxin for mammals, including humans, that produces a burning sensation in any tissue it comes in contact with.
Chili pepper’s heat levels are measured using the Scoville scale, named after Wilbur Scoville, an American pharmacist who developed the test in 1912.
The scale ranges from 0 to 16 million Scoville Heat Units (SHU), with 0 being no heat and 16 million being the maximum heat level.
Chili peppers are used in many cuisines around the world. They can be used fresh, dried, or powdered. Here are some common uses for chili peppers:
- Mexican cuisine: Chili peppers are a staple in Mexican cuisine. They are used in dishes such as chili con carne, salsa, and guacamole.
- Indian cuisine: Chili peppers are used in many Indian dishes such as curry and vindaloo.
- Thai cuisine: Thai cuisine uses chili peppers in dishes such as tom yum soup and green curry.
- Chinese cuisine: Chili peppers are used in many Chinese dishes such as Kung Pao chicken and Mapo tofu.
- Korean cuisine: Korean cuisine uses chili peppers in dishes such as kimchi and Gochujang sauce.
- Italian cuisine: Chili peppers are used in Italian cuisine to make arrabbiata sauce and to add heat to pizza toppings.
- American cuisine: Chili peppers are used in American cuisine to make hot sauce, chili, and buffalo wings.
There are several different types of bell peppers in the world, each with its own unique characteristics in terms of color, flavor, and size. The most common types of bell peppers include:
- Green Bell Peppers: These are the most commonly consumed bell peppers.
- Red Bell Peppers: These are fully ripe green bell peppers.
- Yellow Bell Peppers: These have a milder and sweeter flavor than green bell peppers.
- Orange Bell Peppers: Like red and yellow bell peppers, orange bell peppers are fully ripe green peppers with fruity and sweet flavor.
- Purple or Chocolate Bell Peppers: These bell peppers are less common and have a slightly tangy taste used for their unique color in culinary presentations.
- White Bell Peppers: These are a rare type of bell pepper with pale white or creamy-colored skin. They have a mild flavor and used in dishes where their color stands out.
- Miniature Bell Peppers: These are smaller versions of the standard bell pepper and come in various colors.
- Specialty Bell Peppers: Over time, various specialty varieties of bell peppers have been developed, such as elongated or cone-shaped peppers, as well as those with unique patterns or variegations in color.